The Geographic Information System (GIS) finds application in many fields and law enforcement is one such area. Managers allocating resources, analysts looking for trends and patterns or patrol officers can all use GIS to make their work much easier. The truth is that law enforcement agencies face new challenges and tasks as days go by and GIS helps leverage location-based data that is ever expanding for actionable intelligence that can be shared and used.
Thousands of worldwide agencies today embrace GIS solutions for operations, administration, investigation and planning. It can be used for data fusion and analyzing intelligence, investigative and crime analysis, in-vehicle mobile mapping, tracking personnel and vehicles, analyzing traffic and accidents as well as in probation, parole and corrections. Generally, GIS comes in handy in crime analysis thanks to its core capabilities.
GIS does not only offer a standard based platform in analyzing and managing data but also provides an easy to share medium to visualize and also disseminate the analysis and information. Law enforcement agencies embracing the technology have an easier time to manage data overload and to visualize data and analysis to make the crime nature and other community issues more understandable. Police managers get detailed crime pictures using police databases and GIS.
Planning and analysis
The victims, criminals and crime that law enforcement handles all have locations and addresses and the information is very important in the deployment of resources and strategy development to deter and prevent crime. Tactical plans also need to be developed to deal with all issues arising. GIS offers data driven policing enabling the law agencies to analyze the crimes and intelligence so they are able to focus proactively on resources to solve community problems, apprehend criminals and prevent crime.
When first responders are equipped with the best information, effectiveness and safety for both citizens and officers on filed is improved. It is also important for officers to offer accurate information from the field to the communication center so that the command and supervision staff get a timely and accurate picture of the real field occurrences. Mobile GIS makes it possible because it supports rapid exchange of data in an understandable manner that can be visualized, integrated and also shared using a map-based operating system.
Another capability that GIS has as far as law enforcement and crime analysis goes is the ability to get situational awareness by creating a common operating picture by integrating different types of sensors and data. This way, the command staff has updated information using static data that is high in value such as imagery, gang territories, crime hazards and critical infrastructure all integrated in the system. This can be combined with event data like traffic, crimes, incidents and cameras and analyzed using a map. The map in essence offers comprehensive awareness of the situation that is needed in the making of good or better decisions and makes information sharing easy for the agencies involved.
GIS has indeed made great improvements in a variety of fields including law enforcement. GISTIC offers different solutions to match with the specific needs you have in your respective area.